WhatsApp: Safety Guide for Parents & Students

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June 1, 2022

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This WhatsApp guide will help you learn:

  • What is WhatsApp?
  • Why do students want to be on WhatsApp?
  • Why should parents worry about WhatsApp?
  • Top safety tips and settings for students using WhatsApp

Unlock this lesson to learn what you can do to keep kids safe on YouTube!

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This webinar is a very helpful eye-opener on the apps that are popular with my students.

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This app is listed in the SmartSocial.com Green Zone.
This app is not safe for students to use unsupervised, but a Green Zone app can serve a positive purpose to help a student to navigate social media and someday build an online brand. Read more below to find out why this app is in the Green Zone.

This app is listed in the SmartSocial.com Gray Zone.
Gray Zone apps often contain lots of private & disappearing messages, and strangers can use this to chat with students. Parents should participate in these apps with students to keep them safe. This zone can be a great place for family time since many of these apps can be entertaining, and let your students express themselves. Read more below to find out why this app is in the Gray Zone.

This app is listed in the SmartSocial.com Red Zone.
Red Zone apps often have lots of anonymous features, adult content, and easy contact with strangers. Supervision is strongly suggested on each of these apps or move your kids to a safer zone. All apps require parental supervision, these apps more than others. Read more below to find out why this app is in the Red Zone or view our list of 100+ Apps to find a safer app with your student.
Join our weekly newsletter to learn about the 100+ app reviews at SmartSocial.com

This trend is categorized as a Dangerous Social Media Challenge.
Viral challenges encourage students to do dangerous things to garner likes, views, attention, and subscribers. These challenges can be found across several social networks and may encourage students to perform dangerous activities. SmartSocial.com keeps parents updated on these social media challenges before an incident may occur in your community.

Table of Contents

WhatsApp is one of the most used messaging apps in the world. As an alternative to SMS text messages, WhatsApp is easy to use and offers several free options for people around the world to connect, without using a data plan. 

This guide to WhatsApp will help parents and educators understand the popular app and help students who use it to stay safe.

Parent video

What we're covering in this video:

(Click on the three lines or a blue dot in video progress bar to skip to a chapter)

  1. WhatsApp promises
  2. What is WhatsApp?
  3. Why do students want to be on WhatsApp?
  4. WhatsApp Dangers
  5. Why should parents care about WhatsApp?
  6. How to keep kids safe on WhatsApp
  7. Recommended WhatsApp privacy settings
  8. Tell us your story!

What is WhatsApp?

WhatsApp Chat example
  • It’s a free messaging app for smartphones and desktops
  • Users can send and receive messages, calls, photos, videos, documents, and voice messages
  • The app promises end-to-end encryption, so only you and the person you're communicating with can read or listen to messages
  • The app has a built-in camera
  • Up to 256 people can join a WhatsApp group chat (Source: WhatsApp)

Why do students like WhatsApp?

WhatsApp groups list example
  • There are no message limits or data fees to:
  • ~Make video calls
  • ~Send text messages
  • ~Send videos, photos, and audio messages
  • Users can send “disappearing” messages, like on Snapchat, through the Status feature
  • Message logs and call logs from WhatsApp will not show up on a phone bill
  • It’s easy to organize group chats among school clubs, sports teams, groups of friends and relatives, etc. no matter what type of device others are using (Apple vs. Android)
  • The app makes it easy  to share messages, photos, and videos 
  • WhatsApp has a huge sticker library, which lets students share their thoughts and expressions without typing a word

Where is WhatsApp available?

WhatsApp dangers in the news

‘Sexual predators often prey on the terror children experience when they are coerced and manipulated into creating explicit photos and videos,’ stated FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge ‘We allege [he]threatened to expose the images his victim created if the child didn't continue to send him more. Children often fear going to an adult to report what's happened because they're humiliated, and they believe the threats.’

United States Department of Justice

They may be meeting strangers or people they haven’t met before on different websites or games, and then they go to WhatsApp because they think it’s a little more private.

Inform NY, ABC 50

USA Today headline: How Jeff Bezos was reportedly hacked: could you be next?
Apps like WhatsApp and various operating systems are rife with vulnerabilities that allow hackers to inject spyware, intercept messages, alter attachments and crash the app for all members of a group chat, cybersecurity researchers have discovered over the past year.

USA Today

Why should parents care?

  • It is challenging for parents to keep track of WhatsApp chats and who their student is talking to since messages can easily be deleted, set to disappearing, and don’t show up on phone bills
  • WhatsApp users can require a two-step verification system, making it even harder for parents to view students’ messages 
  • The app is for users ages 13+, but anyone can create an account without age verification
  • Since group chats can have so many participants, these issues could arise:
  • ~Cyberbullying
  • ~Private photos and conversations can easily be downloaded or screenshot and shared with others
  • ~There is no filter for adult content in chats
  • ~A “friend of a friend” can easily get added to a group chat, so your student could be chatting with strangers
  • The app offers location sharing that gives other users real-time data about their physical location
  • Predators are known to connect with students on other social media apps or online games and convince them to switch to WhatsApp for more “privacy”
  • There are no parental controls on the app and students can change recommended Privacy and Security settings on their own

What can parents do to keep kids safe on WhatsApp?

WhatsApp Live Location Feature
  • Download and try WhatsApp for yourself. Ask your student to show you how to add contacts and how to start a chat with them
  • Discuss the dangers of sharing your location on apps and check frequently that your student has the location-sharing feature turned off
  • Ensure you know your student’s WhatsApp PIN
  • Talk with your student about the type of information that’s appropriate to share on WhatsApp
  • Encourage your student not to accept group chat requests from strangers
  • ~Go to Account--> Privacy--> Groups
  • ~Select one of three options: Everyone, My Contacts, Nobody
  • Our recommendations for WhatsApp’s Privacy settings:
  • ~Last Seen: Nobody
  • ~Profile Photo: My Contacts
  • ~About: Nobody
  • ~Groups (Who can add me to groups): My Contacts
  • ~Status: My Contacts
  • ~Live Location: None
  • ~Default Message Timer: Off

Conclusion

Students may be searching for the right balance of “privacy” in their lives at this age of exploration. WhatsApp's promise of privacy with end-to-end encryption might make students think this app is safer than other social media or messaging apps. 

If your student uses the app, it’s a good idea to talk with them about good digital citizenship and the dangers of communicating with strangers online.  Also, remind them they can always come to you, or another trusted adult if they ever feel uncomfortable with any situations that arise while they’re using WhatsApp.


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WhatsApp: Safety Guide for Parents & Students

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